Texas Declaration of Independence (March 2, 1836):



by the

Delegates of the People of Texas

in General Convention

at the Town of Washington.

On the Second Day of March, 1836.

When a government has ceased to protect the lives, liberty, and property of the people, from whom its legitimate powers are derived, and for the advancement of whose happiness it was instituted; and so far from being a guarantee for their inestimable and inalienable rights, becomes an instrument in the hands of evil rulers for their oppression....

In such a crisis...the inherent and inalienable right of the people to appeal to first principles, and take their political affairs into their own hands in extreme cases, enjoins it as a right towards themselves and a sacred obligation to their posterity to abolish such government, and create another in its stead, calculated to rescue them from impending dangers, and to secure their welfare and happiness....

The late changes made in the government by General Antonio Lopez Santa Ana, who having overturned the constitution of his country, now offers, as the cruel alternative, either abandon our homes acquired by so many privations, or submit to the most intolerable of all tyranny, the combined despotism of the sword and the priesthood....

It denies us the right of worshipping the Almighty according to the dictates of our own conscience, by the support of a National Religion, calculated to promote the temporal interest of its human functionaries, rather than the glory of the true and living God.

It has demanded us to deliver up our arms, which are essential to our defence—the rightful property of freemen—and formidable only to tyrannical governments....

It has, through its emissaries, incited the merciless savage, with the tomahawk and scalping knife, to massacre the inhabitants of our defenseless frontiers....

We, therefore, the delegates, with plenary powers, of the people of Texas...Declare, that our political connection with the Mexican nation has forever ended, and that the people of Texas, do now constitute a Free, Sovereign, and Independent Republic...

Conscious of the rectitude of our intentions, we fearlessly and confidently commit the issue to the decision of the Supreme Arbiter of the destinies of nations.

Texas Supreme Court (June 30, 1993), in the case of Ex Parte: Reverend Keith Tucci, declared that a proposed 100 foot "speech free zone" around abortion facilities violated the Constitution of the State of Texas. The Supreme Court of Texas issued the opinion:

Today our court continues to favor the growth and enhancement of freedom, not its constraint. The fact that vigorous debate of public issues in our society may produce speech considered obnoxious or offensive by some is a necessary cost of that freedom. Our Constitution calls on this court to maintain a commitment to expression that is strong and uncompromising for friend and foe alike.

Texas, State of (April 7, 1992), issued an Executive Proclamation declaring April 19 - April 25, 1992, as "Christian Heritage Week," signed by Governor Ann W. Richards, in the Capitol City of Austin:

OUR state has been richly blessed in natural beauty, reflecting God's miracle of creation.

THE importance of Christian Heritage to the traditions and values of our state is immeasurable.

RELIGIOUS holidays, festivals, and celebrations have brought welcome respite from weary labor, as well as renewed respect and meaning for nature's seasons of change.

THE community church serves a vital function in binding folks together and providing crucial education and charitable services.

TEACHING future generations of our state the all-important role of Christian Heritage is of crucial concern to citizens of all faiths.

THEREFORE, I, Ann W. Richards, Governor of Texas, do hereby proclaim the week beginning Easter Sunday, April 19 through April 25, 1992, as:


in Texas and urge the appropriate recognition thereof.

In official recognition whereof I hereby affix my signature this 7th day of April, 1992.

Ann Richards, Governor of Texas.

Texas, State of (December 29, 1845), was the 28th State admitted to the Union. The Constitution of the State of Texas, adopted August 27, 1845), stated:

Preamble. We, the people of the Republic of Texas. acknowledging, with gratitude, the grace and beneficence of God, in permitting us to make a choice of our form of government, do, in accordance with the provisions of the Joint Resolution for annexing Texas to the United States, approved March 1, one thousand eight hundred and forty-five, ordain and establish this Constitution.

Article I, Section 4. All men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship God according to the dictates of their own consciences;...

no human authority ought, in any case whatever, to control or interfere with the rights of conscience in matters of religion;...

but it shall be the duty of the Legislature to pass such laws as may be necessary, to protect every religious denomination in the peaceable enjoyment of their own mode of public worship.

Article I, Section 13. Every citizen shall have the right to keep and bear arms in the lawful defence of himself or the State.

Article I, Section 15. No person shall ever be imprisoned for debt.

Article III, Section 27. Ministers of the Gospel, being by their profession dedicated to God, and the care of souls, ought not to be diverted from the great duties of their functions.

Article VI, Section 3. No licensed Minister of the Gospel shall be required to perform military duty, work on roads.

Article VII, Section 1. Members of the Legislature, and all officers, before they enter upon the duties of their offices, shall take the following oath or affirmation:

"I (A.B.) do solemnly swear, (or affirm,) that I will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent on me as according to the best of my skill and ability, agreeably to the Constitution and the laws of the United States, and of this State;

and I do further solemnly swear (or affirm,) that since the adoption of this Constitution by the Congress of the United States, I being a citizen of this State, have not fought a duel with deadly weapons within this State, nor out of it;

nor have I sent or accepted a challenge to fight a duel with deadly weapons;

nor have I acted as second in carrying a challenge, or aided, advised, or assisted any person thus offending—So Help Me God."

Article VII, Section 17. No Lottery shall be authorized by this State; and the buying or selling of Lottery Tickets within this State, is prohibited.

Article VII, Section 18. No divorce shall be granted by the Legislature.

Article XIII, Section 13. Done in Convention by the Deputies of the people of Texas, at the City of Austin, this twenty-seventy day of August, in the Year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-five.

On Friday, July 4, 1845, Thomas J. Rusk, President of the Convention, addressed the delegates at the opening of the Texas Constitutional Convention:

The object for which we have assembled, deeply interests the people of Texas. We have the hopes of our present population, as well as the millions who may come after us, in our hands; the eyes of the civilized world are upon us; we present this day a bright spectacle to all lovers of freedom and republican government.

The history of the world may search in vain for a parallel to the present instance of two Governments amalgamating themselves into one, from a pure devotion to that great principle, that man, by enlightening his intellect, and cultivating those moral sentiments with which his God has impressed him, is capable of self-government....

Let us...march boldly and confidently up to the formation of a Constitution which, while it secures our own rights, shall satisfy our friends abroad, and meet the sanctions of that God to whose bountiful Providence Texas