See Alpha.

Aârʹo̯n (mountaineer or enlightener)

Son of Amram and Jochebed, and elder brother of Moses and Miriam, Num. 26:59. Direct descendant of Levi by both parents. Called "the Levite," Ex. 4:14, when chosen as the "spokesman" of Moses. Married Elisheba, daughter of the prince of Judah, and had four sons, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar, Ex. 6:23. Eighty-three years old when introduced in the Bible. Mouthpiece and encourager of Moses before the Lord and the people of Israel, and in the Court of the Pharaoh, Ex. 4:30; 7:2. Miracle worker of the Exodus, Ex. 7:19. Helped Hur to stay the weary hands of Moses in the battle with Amalek, Ex. 17:9-12. In a weak moment yielded to idolatry among his people and incurred the wrath of Moses, Ex. 32. Consecrated to the priesthood by Moses, Ex. 29. Anointed and sanctified, with his sons, to minister in the priest's office, Ex. 40. Murmured against Moses at the instance of Miriam, but repented and joined Moses in prayer for Miriam's recovery, Num. 12. His authority in Israel vindicated by the miracle of the rod, Num. 17. Died on Mt. Hor, at age of one hundred and twenty-three years, and was succeeded in the priesthood by his son Eleazar, Num. 20:22-29. Office continued in his line till time of Eli. Restored to house of Eleazar by Solomon, 1 Kgs. 2:27.

Aârʹo̯n-ītes see image

Priests of the line of Aaron, 1 Chr. 12:27, of whom Jehoiada was "chief," or "leader," in the time of King Saul, 1 Chr. 27:5.

Ăb (father)

  1. A syllable of frequent occurrence in the composition of Hebrew proper names, and signifies possession or endowment. Appears in Chaldaic form of Abba in N. T., Mark 14:36; Rom. 8:15; Gal. 4:6.
  2. Eleventh month of the Jewish civil, and fifth of the sacred, year; corresponding to parts of July and August. [Month.]


2 Esdr. 1:40. [Habakkuk.]

Ā̇-bădʹdon (destroyer)

King of the locusts, and angel of the bottomless pit. The Greek equivalent is Apollyon, Rev. 9:11.


1 Esdr. 8:35. [Obadiah.]

Ā̇-băgʹthȧ (God-given)

One of the seven chamberlains in the court of King Ahasuerus, Esth. 1:10.

Ăbʹă-na (stony)

A river of Damascus, preferred by Naaman to the Jordan for healing purposes, 2 Kgs. 5:12. Believed to be identical with the present Barada, which rises in the Anti-Libanus range, twenty-three miles N. W. of Damascus, runs by several streams through the city, and thence across a plain into the "Meadow Lakes," where it is comparatively lost.

Ăbʹă-rrim (mountains beyond)

A range of mountains or highlands of Moab, east of and facing Jordan opposite Jericho, Num. 27:12; 33:47; Deut. 32:49. Ije-abarim, in Num. 21:11, heaps or ruins of Abarim. Nebo, Peor, and Pisgah belong to this range. "Passages," in Jer. 22:20.

Ăbʹbȧ (father)

Chaldaic form of Hebrew Ab. Applied to God in Mark 14:36; Rom. 8:15; Gal. 4:6.

Ăbʹdȧ (servant)

  1. Father of Adoniram, 1 Kgs. 4:6.
  2. Son of Shammua, Neh. 11:17. Galled Obadiah in 1 Chr. 9:16.