We now embark on one of the great adventures in the Bible, the life of Job. When I was a child, I thought it was the book of job. I thought it was about getting a job. Ha! The basics of Job's life are so well-known, that many people who do not know the Lord at all or are not real familiar with the Bible, they have heard of Job and the trials he endured.
The life of this godly man has been held up high in the sacred pages of Scripture to show us that trials can pound our lives like a heavy-weight boxer, but the Lord can pick us up from off the mat when we've been knocked down physically, emotionally, or spiritually, and give us victory. He is our source of strength, stamina, serenity, and satisfaction.
This book reveals the animosity that Satan has for God and those who are godly. It also shows us the limitations that God places upon Satan. It also reveals the assistance, strength, and care that we get from the Lord. God used Job to show us that nothing just "happens" in our lives. God has a path for us to follow that sometimes may be extremely difficult, but leads to great blessings. Paul talked about this.
Romans 8:28—And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.
We will also be reminded in this ancient book that we don't think the same way as God. His ways are not the same as ours. Isaiah learned the same lesson.
Isaiah 55:8-9—For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the Lord. 9For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.
In spite of all the grief, guff, gruesomeness, and grueling heartaches that this man encountered and endured, he still managed to praise God and to be comforted by God's amazing grace. Paul learned this lesson, too.
2 Corinthians 12:9—And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.
Job 13:15—Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain mine own ways before him. Job was reliant upon God and surrendered to His care.
Job was something else. God thought so because the Lord Himself is the One who pointed him out to Satan and basically said to Satan, "You think you are so tough, pick on Job and see how tough you are." Job went through the ringer. Times got pretty tough for him and he did get depressed, but he came through his trials smelling like a rose.
The Lord has held Job up for the world to see for over 4000 years to tell us, "I can comfort and care for you in whatever trial or trouble you are facing in your life. My servant Job proved this." Job is like a shiny, golden trophy on the shelf of a champion athlete. He is one of God's many trophies of grace.
Who was this guy anyway? Who was Job? His name means "hated" or "persecuted." His name is formed from a Hebrew root word ʾayab (aw-yab') which means "to treat as an enemy." Sure enough, he was hated by Satan and persecuted by him. Satan treated Job as an enemy and would have killed Job except for God's intervention. Job was a very real person, not a fictional character that was made up by someone's imagination. He was mentioned by both Ezekiel (Ezekiel 14:14, 20) and James (James 5:11).
There are a variety of opinions about the author of this book. I believe it was Job himself because of the specific details found within its pages. Job himself spoke about being able to write down what was happening to him.
Job 19:23-24—Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a book! 24That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!
Some have wondered when this book was written. This book may be the oldest book in the Bible. Because there is no mention of Israel and the Law, no mention of the patriarchs, no mention of the priesthood or Jewish tabernacle, and also because of his great age of around 200, it is believed that Job may have lived around 2200 to 2100 B.C. This would be long before the days of Abraham.
The name "Job" has been found in a number of tablets dated 2000 B.C. or earlier including Akkadian documents from Tel-el-Amarna, Mari, and Alalakh. Another indication of the great age of the book is seen in the fact that Job's wealth was measured in terms of livestock. Job also served as his own priest, not utilizing the priesthood which did not exist, yet.
One of the great features of this ancient book is the fact that it has been a teacher to Bible-believing scientists over the last three to four hundred years. Within the pages of Job, we find answers about the earth, nature, the weather, astronomy, and animals in nature.
Job is a remarkable book that is a part of the canon of Scripture and proves that holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Spirit of God. The book of Job is one piece of evidence that proves that the Bible is the true, divinely inspired Word of God. What we want to share for the rest of this message are scientific facts that are revealed in the amazing book of Job.
Scientific Facts in Job
I. Facts about Astronomy
Astronomy is the study of objects and matter outside the earth's atmosphere and of their physical and chemical properties. This would include the study of stars and planets. Modern astronomy knows that the stars in the heavens are unlimited and the universe is boundless. Space exploration and the technology of modern telescopes have provided us with these findings. It has not always been this way, however. Men use to believe the heavens were a solid vault in the sky to which the stars were glued to the surface. Job, however, knew 4000 years ago the findings of present day astronomers.
A. The Height of the Stars
Job 22:12—Is not God in the height of heaven? and behold the height of the stars, how high they are!
Wikpedia states that the observable universe that can be seen from earth is a radius of 46 billion light years. A light year is the distance light travels in one year. The speed of light is 186,282 miles per second or about six trillion miles per year. That's Mustang speed! Haha! To give you an idea of the vastness of the heavens, our Milky Way Galaxy is 100,000 light years in diameter. There are probably more than 100 billion galaxies in the observable universe. A 2010 study by astronomers estimated that the observable universe contains 300 sextillion (3×1023) stars. That's three followed by 23 zeroes. Job said, "Behold the height of the stars. How high they are."
B. The Expansion of the Universe
Job 9:8—Which alone spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea.
Findings in the field of astrophysics in the last century conclude that the universe is continually expanding or stretching outward. Job spoke about this in chapter 9. The word "spreadeth" is from the word natah (naw-taw') which means "to stretch out."
C. The Sounds from the Stars
Job 38:7—When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
In the 38th chapter, Job may be revealing information about radio astronomy. Telescopes are used today to measure sonic signals or sounds from galaxies in the universe. The morning stars most likely are a reference to angels, but may also possibly be a reference to the sounds that stars make. Sound is produced by pressure fluctuations, vibrations, or oscillations in the star. Scientists can record the sound of stars. The technique, called "stellar seismology", is becoming increasingly popular among astronomers because the sounds give an indication of what is going on in the star's interior. They use radio telescopes which enable them to see inside the star.
D. Specific Stars and Constellations in Job
We are told in Genesis that God created the stars to be signs indicating the seasons, the days, and the years (Genesis 1:14). People today use them to get their bearings and directions as they travel, especially at sea. They use a sextant to find their location at sea by viewing a star through the sextant and the horizon of the sea. The stars in the heaven and their constellation provide stable markers to find our way. These constellations and their traditional names are still used in our day. God did not create these stars or constellations so we could worship them or practice astrology. Not at all. We are to live our lives by the Word of God, not the stars.
Isaiah 47:13-14—Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee. 14Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves from the power of the flame: there shall not be a coal to warm at, nor fire to sit before it.
The stars and constellations were created to declare God's glory.
Psalm 19:1—The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.
It is interesting to note that Job mentions several constellations. He mentions them more than any other book in the Bible including Arcturus which is Ursa Major the Great Bear (9:9; 38:32), Pleiades (9:9), and Orion (9:9; 38:31).
E. The Light of the Moon
Job 25:5a—Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not....
Scientists use to believe that the moon had the same properties of the sun and produced its own light. In 428 B.C., the ancient Greek philosopher Anaxagoras reasoned that the sun and the moon were both giant spherical rocks and that the moon reflected the light of the sun. Yet, this truth was revealed over 1500 years earlier in the book of Job.
F. The Void in the North
Job 26:7a—He stretcheth out the north over the empty place...
During the year 1847, Lord Rosse built a six foot telescope in Ireland and began using it to study the heavens. It was the world's largest telescope until the early 20th century. This telescope was so powerful that you could read a newspaper from twenty miles away. In his research with this new invention, he discovered that in the northern section of outer space behind the North Star, there is a great empty place without a single star. Nada! There are millions of stars everywhere else, but none in the north section of space behind the Polaris. Job did not have a telescope 4000 years ago. How did he know about this? God told him. The Bible is a scientifically accurate book.
G. The Hanging of the Earth in Space
Job 26:7—He stretcheth out the north over the empty place, and hangeth the earth upon nothing.
In 1543 A.D., a scientist named Copernicus had published a book with his scientific findings about the solar system. On the day that he died, his book was placed in his hands. He is reputed to have awakened from a stroke-induced coma, looked at his book, and then died peacefully. In that book, he stated that the earth is round and hangs upon nothing.
When the astronauts circled the moon in December, 1968 they confirmed this truth with their pictures of the earth. The earth hangs upon nothing. Nobody named Atlas was holding it up. Yet, this truth had already been revealed in the Word of God thousands of years earlier. Job said around 3500 years earlier than Copernicus that the earth hangs upon nothing.
How does the Lord do this? Paul told us.
Colossians 1:17—And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
The word "consist" is from the word sunistao (soon-is-tah'-o) which means "to set in the same place or to place together."
H. The Circular Shape of the Earth and its Rotation
Job 26:10—He hath compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.
Job also told us about the shape of the earth. The word "compassed" is from the Hebrew word chuwg (khoog) which means "to make a circle or to draw a round or spherical shape." Job is referring to the shape of the earth. It was Solomon who told us around 1000 B.C. that the earth was round.
Proverbs 8:27—When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass upon the face of the depth
The word "compass" means a circle.
Isaiah also said around 700 B.C. that the earth was round.
Isaiah 40:22—It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in
God's Word is scientifically accurate because it is authored by the creator of the universe.
II. The Weight of the Wind
Job 28:25—To make the weight for the winds; and he weigheth the waters by measure.
In 1640, Evangelista Torricelli, an Italian mathematician, discovered that air has weight. When experimenting with mercury, he discovered that air can push down on a column of liquid mercury. From this discovery he invented the barometer. A barometer consists of an empty tube from which air has been taken out. This tube is inverted into a dish of mercury. Since the dish of mercury is subjected to the pressure of the air above it, some of the mercury is pushed into the tube.
He found that at sea level, 14.70 pounds of air is pushing down on each square inch of area. You could prove the weight of air yourself by taking balloons of equal weight and put them on a scale. The scale should be even. Fill one of the balloons with air and it will lower the scale to one side. Torricelli discovered that the wind has weight in 1640, but Job revealed it over 3800 years earlier.
III. The Ocean
A. Its Boundaries
Job 38:8-11—Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb? 9When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it, 10And brake up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors, 11And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?
Job 26:10—He hath compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.
Job 28:11—He bindeth the floods from overflowing; and the thing that is hid bringeth he forth to light.
Job addresses the fact that the sea has boundaries. God has placed limits on the ocean that it will not flood the entire world.
It can go so far and that's it. The Lord has used the gravitational pull of our moon to govern the tides of the ocean. The waves come in to the shores only so far and then they stop. Scientists today have panicked people by stating that global warming will cause the earth to be drenched by the oceans. God, however, has placed limits on the ocean.
B. Its Springs
Job 38:16—Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou walked in the search of the depth?
The word for "springs" is the Hebrew word nebek. It refers to the places where water issues or bursts out of the earth.
Job had never been to the bottom of the ocean because it is so deep. Yet, God had revealed to him the reality of these springs. It is a fact that was not discovered until 1973.
Deep diving research submarines have been constructed to withstand the three-tons-per-square-inch pressure at the bottom of the ocean. These submarines have carried scientists into the black depths of the ocean. The first direct observations of deep-sea springs, or their mineralized vents, appear to have been made on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge by Project FAMOUS in 1973. Four thousand years ago, Job revealed the facts about these ocean springs.
IV. Sending Messages by Lightning
Job 38:35—Canst thou send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto thee, Here we are?
The fact that lightning is really just "moving electricity" was not fully recognized until Ben Franklin's famous kite experiment in the mid-eighteenth century. Furthermore the fact that electricity can actually "go," and even carry information with it, was a discovery of quite recent times.
In 1844, Samuel F. B. Morse built the first electric telegraph. By transmitting short or long signals along a wire, messages can be sent anywhere. The Morse code makes it possible to send messages long distances at the speed of light. You can now send a message across the United States in 1/60th of a second. In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone by converting electrical impulses into sound.
Yet, it was the book of Job that revealed 4000 years ago, the principle of electricity and the concept of sending forth messages through electric current. Because of electricity, we have been able to send forth audio and video messages on radio waves, telephone and television signals. The book of Job as well as the entire Bible is an amazing book.